Tokyo 2020: the first Olympic Games in history with gender parity and a record number of female Paralympic competitors
Women’s role during the Tokyo Olympic Games
Why is important to care about gender parity during the Olympic games?
The major sportive events have been leaded by men for a long time and Olympic games are not the exception.
Even tough, women participation has increased in the last Olympic games editions and luckily, during this edition we will see a meaningful percentage of women competing in different disciplines and sports.
Gender parity has concerned society in the last decade, but nowadays, there are significant achievements that inspire many women to keep going with the pursuit of gender equality.
Therefore, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), the Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee, the Government of Japan and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government (TMG) have reiterated their commitment to making this summer's Olympic and Paralympic Games a framework in gender equality on and off the field, paving the way for a more equal and inclusive society.
At the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games
Nearly, 49 percent of the athletes participating will be women, according to the IOC's allocation of places. It will be the first-ever gender-balanced Olympic games in order to promote gender equality.
Moreover, there will be an innovative competition program, ensuring equal visibility between women's and men's events. In addition, there will be nine more mixed events than in Rio 2016, bringing the total to 18.
For the first time, all 206 National Olympic Committees (NOCs) will have at least one female and one male athlete on their respective Olympic teams. All 206 NOCs and the Refugee Olympic Team will be encouraged to have two flag bearers, one female and one male, at the Opening Ceremony.
At the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games
At least 40.5 percent of all athletes will be women, according to IPC qualification criteria. This equates to 1,782 athletes, an increase over the 1,671 women who competed at Rio 2016 (38.6 percent).
At the Opening Ceremony, all National Paralympic Committees will be encouraged to have two flag bearers, one female and one male.
Following the appointment of its new President, HASHIMOTO Seiko, the Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee has increased the size of its Executive Board, raising the percentage of women to 42 percent. It has also created a Gender Equality Promotion Team, under the leadership of its Sports Director, KOTANI Mikako, with the goal of promoting gender and inclusion initiatives during the Games.
IOC President, Thomas Bach, had said: "The IOC is committed to gender equality in all areas, from athletes - both on and off the field - to management or leadership roles in sports organizations”. "With just four months to go until the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games, the Olympic Movement is preparing for a new milestone in its efforts to create a gender-equal sporting world: the first-ever gender-parity Olympic games."
Furthermore, Andrew Parsons, IPC President mentioned: "Inclusion is at the heart of everything the IPC does”.
Olympic games events are constantly striving to increase female participation at all levels of the Paralympic Movement, from athletes to administration, from coaches to executive members.
Tokyo 2020 is on track to have more female athletes than any previous Paralympic Games. In less than a decade, the number of women competing in the Paralympics will increase by 18.7 percent over London 2012.
"Tokyo 2020 advocates 'Unity in Diversity' as an important concept for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Many efforts have been made to this end together with the IOC, IPC, TMG and the Government of Japan.
Right now, the Gender Equality Promotion Team is actively working to build possible future actions, such as proposals to leave a legacy after the Games. We decided to make the Tokyo 2020 Games be the turning point in history when looking back many years later," says Tokyo 2020 President HASHIMOTO Seiko.
"The participation of women and men in all fields, and the active participation of women will lead to the creation of a prosperous, vibrant and sustainable society and the realization of a society in which everyone can live comfortably," says Minister for the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games, Minister in Charge of Women's Empowerment and Minister of State for Gender Equality MARUKAWA Tamayo.
"To recognize the importance of unity in diversity throughout the world and to make the Tokyo Games an opportunity to develop a harmonious and inclusive society, the Government of Japan, together with the IOC, IPC, TMG and the Tokyo Organizing Committee for the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games, will commit to holding the Tokyo Games as the best ever in terms of gender equality; to promote gender equality in the field of sport; and to support women who have been greatly affected by the pandemic."
The Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games advocates 'University in Diversity' as one of its primary concepts. In addition, this event will promote public awareness of human rights through the enactment of the 'Ordinance for the Realization of the Concept of Respect for Human Rights as Stipulated in the Olympic Charter.'
Furthermore, the promotion of active female participation in society is positioned as one of the vital tasks for the TMG, and it is determined to continue to work extensively on various measures.
These games will be an opportunity for the concepts of diversity and respect for human rights to become even more deeply rooted in society by turning it into a legacy and build a better future based on it. The TMG, together with the IOC, IPC, the Tokyo Government and the Tokyo 2020 Organizing Committee, aims to realize these Games with the concept of unity in diversity.
The History of Women in the Olympic games
According to Maria de Villa, the participation of women in sport has not been as remarkable as men’s. This is not a casual fact, since women's participation is lower in areas that have traditionally been considered public, such as the world of work, politics, culture, etc.
Women’s access to the field of sports has been late and full of difficulties. The Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin, creator of the modern Olympic games, opposed the participation of women in the Olympic games until his death. They have had to overcome barriers created by social and cultural stereotypes. Difficulties and obstacles that they have been overcoming.
Going back to 776 BC in Greece, we realize that for a long-time sport was completely forbidden to women. In those times women were excluded from participating not only as athletes but also as spectators, only unmarried women could attend.
When going into the history of the Olympic games, we can mention that they opened their doors to women in 1900. The change was evident and real, even though the creator Pierre Coubertin argued that the presence of women in a stadium was unsightly, uninteresting and incorrect during the Olympic games.
In 1900, women's participation was limited solely and exclusively to golf and tennis in Paris, these games had the merit of bringing together an impressive number of athletes, among them we could find six women.
It was Amsterdam, in 1928, where the real Olympic games beginnings of women finally took place with nearly 300 athletes, almost 10% of the total, and above all they were able to participate in the king of sports: athletics.
Alice Melliat was the founder of the Federation of Women's Societies of France and the organizer of the International Women's Sports Federation. Not content with the little attention given to the Games of '28, she decided to hold, in 1930 and 1934, the Women's World Games in Prague and London respectively.
The growth of women's participation in 1976 with 20% of athletes, in 1988 25%, and 35% in the Atlanta Olympic Games was normalizing their presence.
At the Barcelona Olympic Games in 1992, Spain, for the first and last time so far, organized the Olympic Games. It was a unique event since Spain broke the record of Spanish athletes in a Games with 129 athletes.
The Sydney Games in 2000 marked a major step towards equality between women and men at the Olympic Games, following the progress already made in Atlanta.
At the 2004 Summer Games in Athens, the birthplace of the Olympic Games, 4,329 women, 40.7% of all athletes, competed, setting a record for women's participation in the Olympics.
In the London Games, 46% of participating athletes were women (4,850 women), 4% more than in the previous Games held in Beijing.
In these same Olympic games, the Spanish team's percentage dropped somewhat, 112 women in a delegation of 282 athletes, practically 40% (and four of them were minors).
In the 2008 Olympic games, the Spanish delegation took 113 women, one more than in 2012 at the London Olympic games.
After so long the trend has changed and women athletes continue to participate, with better preparation every day, in each Olympic event.
In short, women have been achieving their important role in the Olympic games, offering exceptional performances, and achieving the admiration and expectation of the world.
Every day, women’s participation has been increasing for the better thanks to the effort, perseverance and passion of many female athletes; as an example we can mention the Russian Larisa Latynina, with eighteen medals won between 1956 and 1964, the most successful sportswoman in history.
Now, we are waiting for the best during women participation in Tokio 2020 Olympic games! Do not forget to find out about the best promotions, bonuses and betting offers during the Olympic games at FUN88.
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